Until the middle of the first century, ten cohorts (about 500 men) made up a Roman legion. This was later changed to nine cohorts of standard size (with six centuries at 80 men each) with the first cohort being of double strength (five double-strength centuries with 160 men each).... read more ›
Titus began his assault on Jerusalem in March of 70 C.E. with the help of four Roman legions who trapped between 600,000 (according to Tacitus) and 1 million people (the estimate of Josephus) in the city.... read more ›
Each legion was accompanied by a mounted contingent of one hundred and twenty men, divided into four squadrons, who served as scouts and messengers.... see more ›
Christians are called “soldiers” because we are in a spiritual battle that requires the strength of the God's Spirit, the inspiration of God's word and the accountability of God's people.... view details ›
Legionaries signed up for at least 25 years' service. But if they survived their time, they were rewarded with a gift of land they could farm. Old soldiers often retired together in military towns, called 'colonia'.... view details ›
"They" crucified Jesus and four soldiers each took a garment, casting lots over the undergarment (this fulfilled a prophecy).... read more ›
|Legio X Fretensis|
|Active||41 BC to after 410|
|Type||Roman legion (Marian)|
|Garrison/HQ||Judaea (20s BC) Syria (c. 6-66) Jerusalem (ca. 73-late 3rd century) Aila (late 3rd century-after 410s)|
Jews were also exempted from military service and the provision of Roman troops. Contrary to what Josephus wants his readers to believe, the Jews did not have the status of religio licita (permitted religion) as this status did not exist in the Roman empire, nor were all Roman decrees concerning the Jews positive.... read more ›
Massacre. Josephus wrote that 1.1 million people were killed during the siege, of which a majority were Jewish.... continue reading ›
According to the professor, the minimum height to enlist in the Roman Army was 5'10” (they reduced it to 5'8″ when they got desperate for recruits). How tough were these guys? They could carry close to 100 lbs. on 20-mile, 5-hour marches.... continue reading ›
The United States lays claim to the largest army ever seen in the history of the world. This force was assembled and deployed during World War II. When the United States military was at its largest, there were more than 12 million individuals enlisted in the different branches of the United States armed forces.... see details ›
Rome sent a third army under consuls Gaius Terentius Varro and Lucius Aemilius Paullus to pursue Hannibal. This army was the largest Rome had ever assembled with 80,000 soldiers. Roman forces outnumbered the Carthaginians almost 2 to 1.... see details ›
Heavenly host (Hebrew: צבאות sabaoth or tzva'ot, "armies") refers to the army (Luke 2:13) of angels mentioned both in the Hebrew and Christian Bibles, as well as other Jewish and Christian texts.... see details ›
In Philippians 2:25 and Philemon 1:2, Paul describes fellow Christians as "fellow soldiers" (in Greek, συστρατιώτῃ, sustratiōtē). The image of a soldier is also used in 2 Timothy 2:3–4 as a metaphor for courage, loyalty and dedication; this is followed by the metaphor of an athlete, emphasising hard work.... see more ›
God's Army is a breakaway group of the Karen National Union, believed to number between 100 and 200 battled-hardened veteran fighters, former university students and children. The small group receives arms from the Karen National Union, but operates independently from them.... read more ›
In that sense, most legionaries were obligated to serve until their late 40s or even 50s. The problem with a retired legionary's life is that their only gain after the 25 years was a Roman Military Diploma , which gave the legionary the right to receive pensions from the Aerarium Militare.... view details ›
Sometimes roman soldiers would watch plays or musicals to relax. If soldiers wanted more physical recreation, they would do things like jumping, wrestling, boxing, swimming, and throwing. Swimming was one of the most popular sports and was openly practiced in the Tiber River.... read more ›
During the first two centuries A.D., Roman soldiers were prohibited from contract- ing legal marriage; the masculine nature of Roman military discipline was the likely motivation for the ban. Nevertheless, many Roman soldiers formed de facto unions with women and fathered children.... read more ›
The initialism INRI (Latin: Iēsus Nazarēnus, Rēx Iūdaeōrum) represents the Latin inscription (in John 19:19), which in English translates to "Jesus the Nazarene, King of the Jews", and John 19:20 states that this was written in three languages—Hebrew, Latin, and Greek—during the crucifixion of Jesus.... continue reading ›
It was Roman soldiers who guarded the cross of Jesus and did not allow anyone to try to save him.... read more ›
Cornelius (Greek: Κορνήλιος, romanized: Kornélios; Latin: Cornelius) was a Roman centurion who is considered by Christians to be the first Gentile to convert to the faith, as related in Acts of the Apostles (see Ethiopian eunuch for the competing tradition).... see details ›
One eastern text, The Handing Over of Pilate, has Tiberius ordering the governor to be beheaded for having allowed the Crucifixion to go ahead. First Pilate repents and then a voice from heaven proclaims that all nations will bless him, because under his governorship the prophecies about Christ were fulfilled.... view details ›
Jesus not only uttered the words, “It is finished,” he shouted them. The Apostle John gives us Jesus' last words (John 19:30), but Matthew, Mark and Luke tell us Jesus cried with a loud voice (Matt. 27:50; Mark 15:37 and Luke 23:46).... view details ›
Pontius Pilate was the Roman prefect (governor) of Judaea (26–36 CE) who presided at the trial of Jesus and gave the order for his crucifixion.... continue reading ›
Julius Caesar and Augustus supported laws that allowed Jews protection to worship as they chose. Synagogues were classified as colleges to get around Roman laws banning secret societies and the temples were allowed to collect the yearly tax paid by all Jewish men for temple maintenance.... read more ›
Siege of Jerusalem, (70 ce), Roman military blockade of Jerusalem during the First Jewish Revolt. The fall of the city marked the effective conclusion of a four-year campaign against the Jewish insurgency in Judaea. The Romans destroyed much of the city, including the Second Temple.... view details ›
Crucified Jewish rebels
Pagan Rome's occupation of that area lasted for roughly 400 years followed by Christian Rome's and then Constantinople's occupation for 300 years. The first 100 years from Pompey's conquest in 63 BCE to the end of Pontius Pilate's governorship in 36 CE were terrible.... see more ›
|Died||13 September 81 (aged 41) Rome, Italy|
In 70 AD, the Romans destroyed the temple in Jerusalem and looted its sacred contents. With the revolt over for good, huge numbers of Jews left Judaea to make a home elsewhere. The beginning of Vespasian's rule had given Romans a new feeling of optimism after the civil war and the terror of Nero's reign.... see more ›
In the 60's CE a financial crisis forced Rome to raise the taxes throughout the empire. The Jews in Jerusalem resisted the extra taxes heavily and fighting broke out after Roman forces looted a temple and killed as many as 6,000 citizens.... view details ›
The Roman Army of ancient Rome was so powerful because of its Training and Equipment which was advanced for its day. In order to be considered fit enough to be a legionnaire (the name given to a Roman soldier), one had to be able to march 20 miles in 5 hours with the full armour and kit weighing 45lbs.... continue reading ›
Roman women were only about 5 feet 2 inches tall on average, and size 10 is quite large comparable to that stature.... view details ›
Gladiators were usually between 20 and 35 years old. Remember the average life for a man in the Ancient Rome's times was about 40… Even the average height was shorter than today's Romans: around 5'5”!... see more ›
Including those that were fought by some of the fiercest armies in history. Though they existed more than eight centuries ago, Genghis Khan and the Mongols are still regarded as the most-feared military of all time. This is due to their reign over an incredible empire that they conquered in a short period of time.... continue reading ›
- #8: The Red Army. ...
- #7: The British Red Coats. ...
- #6: The Mongolian Army. ...
- #5: The Roman Army of Julius Caesar. ...
- #4: The German Wehrmacht 1935-1945. ...
- #3: The Greco-Macedonians. ...
- #2: Napoleon's Grande Armée. ...
- #1: American Military in the 20th Century.
According to a ranking of the world's strongest militaries, the United States possesses the most potent military force. In this post, we'll provide you a detailed list of the top 10 armies in the world as of 2022.... read more ›
While Hannibal ultimately decided that his army was too weak to march on Rome, Cannae had still pushed the Republic to the brink of collapse. In just one day of fighting, the Romans had lost at least seven times as many soldiers as were later killed at Battle of Gettysburg.... see details ›
To the 300,000 Roman battle deaths recorded by the Roman historian Appian (Pun. 20.134), Dodge adds 100,000 disease deaths for the Italian front, and the same again for Spain.... continue reading ›
Did the Romans lose any wars? The Romans had many successes but they did sometimes lose. Notable losses came against the Germanic tribes and the Parthians.... see more ›
By the end of Augustus' reign, the imperial army numbered some 250,000 men, equally split between 25 legions and 250 units of auxiliaries. The numbers grew to a peak of about 450,000 by 211, in 33 legions and about 400 auxiliary units.... see more ›
Three or four squads make up a platoon, which has 20 to 50 soldiers and is commanded by a lieutenant. Two or more platoons make up a company, which has 100 to 250 soldiers and is commanded by a captain or a major.... see more ›
Battalions consist of four to six companies and can include up to about 1,000 soldiers. They can conduct independent operations of limited scope and duration and are usually commanded by a lieutenant colonel. There are combat arms battalions, as well as combat support and combat service support battalions.... read more ›
Regiments have 3,000-to-5,000 soldiers and include several combat and support battalions. Each battalion has three-to-five line companies of 100-to-150 soldiers apiece. Companies break down into three-to-five platoons of 20-to-40 people, which in turn break down into squads of eight-to-12.... read more ›
Six Chinese dynasties assembled some of history's largest fighting forces, ranging from the 575,000 troops in the ninth-century Tang Dynasty to the 1,300,000 million fielded by the Ming Dynasty in the 1500s.... view details ›
In the Roman Army
Standards varied over time, but normally recruits were first required to complete 20 Roman miles (29.62 km or 18.405 modern miles) with 20.5 kg in five summer hours, which was known as "the regular step" or "military pace". (The Romans divided daylight time into twelve equal hours.... read more ›
Ultimately, the Romans would almost certainly win a hand-to-hand, face-to-face fight, but Medieval warfare no longer revolved around that, and the heavy Knights and Longbowmen would likely make short work of the Legions before they could close for battle.... continue reading ›
Others, such as Bryan Garner, hold that any number of people can be referred to as troops, so long as there are at least two. But when the plural appears with a large number, it is understood to mean individuals: There were an estimated 150,000 troops in Iraq. (But not: Three troops were injured.)... see more ›
In August 2021, Russia's defence minister said the country had about 170 BTGs. Each BTG has approximately 600–800 officers and soldiers, of whom roughly 200 are infantrymen, equipped with vehicles typically including roughly 10 tanks and 40 infantry fighting vehicles.... view details ›
But in the 1700s, examples begin to appear in which “troop” is no longer a collective noun, in which “1,000 troops” means 1,000 men.... read more ›
One cannot refer to a single soldier as a troop. This means that calling 20,000 soldiers "20,000 troops" depersonalizes the soldiers as individuals, and makes a massive number of living, breathing individuals sound like some kind of mass or substance, like water or Jell-O, or some kind of freight.... continue reading ›
The Russian Ground Forces Motorized Rifle Platoon consists of a Platoon Headquarters, 3 Rifle Squads, and 3 vehicles. In a BMP-2 or BMP-3 equipped platoon, this includes 1 officer and 29 enlisted personnel.... see details ›
A regiment consists of between two and six organic battalions, while a brigade consists of between three and seven separate battalions.... continue reading ›
The U.S. Army has undergone numerous armor reorganizations since the invention of the tank in World War I. Throughout this eighty year period, tank battalion organization has remained relatively stable 4 or 5 tanks per platoon 3 or 4 platoons per company and 3 or 4 companies per battalion.... read more ›
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. A company is a military unit, typically consisting of 80–250 soldiers and usually commanded by a major or a captain. Most companies are formed of three to seven platoons, although the exact number may vary by country, unit type, and structure.... see more ›